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2017년 2월

2017년 2월 1일 (수요일)

Nonsensical immigration policy
트럼프의 반이민정책, 반인권적이다

In a series of actions to crack down on immigrants, U.S. President Donald Trump ordered construction of a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and issued a 90-day moratorium on visa issuance and entries to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries — Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. The travel ban is defamatory and racial as it stigmatizes people from a certain group of nations as potentially dangerous of committing terrorism. 

Trump’s order has a bigger risk of triggering worldwide protests and a clash of civilizations by labeling the religion of Islam as potentially harmful. 

Discriminating a person for his or her birthplace, religious faith and individuality is an outdated practice and outright disrespectful to humankind. 

Anti-immigrant policy would only further motivate extreme militants and complicate the U.S. fight against terrorism. Two leading Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham joined the chorus criticizing Trump’s actions. “We fear this executive order may do more to help terrorist recruitment than improve our security,” their joint statement said. 

The 2015 and 2016 shootings in France and Belgium were carried out by the children of immigrants who grew up in isolation from the mainstream community. On the other hands, those whose entry was denied by Trump are victims of fanatical terrorist groups. What is needed to fight extremists and terrorism is respect and compassion for multiculturalism, not discrimination. The best way to defeat extremism is the unique form of American soft power based on democracy and human rights. 

There is hope yet. Protests are gaining momentum after the U.S. Attorney Generals of 16 states have issued a joint statement condemning Trump’s orders that are “unconstitutional, un-American and unlawful.” High-profile companies also have joined the public outcry. Starbucks Chairman and CEO Howard Schultz promised to hire 10,000 refugees over the next five years. Airbnb has offered free housing for those impacted by the executive order. “America is a nation of immigrants and should be proud of it … We should keep our doors open to refugees and those who need help. That’s who we are,” wrote Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. The Trump administration must stop its campaign by paying heed to the voices of America.

Our government must do its best to ensure that Koreans living or working in the Middle East are not affected by the discriminative U.S. policy just because it is an ally. The government also must work towards defending the rights of the 230,000 ethnic Koreans who live in the U.S. without permanent residency. 

도널드 트럼프 미국 대통령이 지난 25일 멕시코 국경에 장벽을 건설하는 행정명령에 이어 27일엔 시리아·이라크·이란·리비아·예멘·수단·소말리아 등 중동·아프리카 7개 무슬림 국가 국민에게 90일간 비자발급 및 입국을 금지하는 행정명령에 서명했다. 이런 반이민정책은 특정국가 국민 전체에 ‘불법이민자’ 또는 ‘잠재적 테러위험자’의 딱지를 붙인 것이나 마찬가지인 모욕적이고 차별적인 조치다. 자칫 전 세계 16억 무슬림이 믿는 이슬람에 ‘폭력성이 내재한 종교’라는 낙인을 찍은 것으로 비쳐 반발이나 ‘문명 충돌’을 부를 우려도 있다. 이처럼 사람을 출신국가나 종교·신념에 따라 차별하는 것은 시대착오적일 뿐 아니라 인간에 대한 예의를 잃은 반인권적 조치로 비난받아 마땅하다. 미국인이 종교의 자유를 찾아 신대륙으로 이주한 건국조상의 후예임을 잊은 반역사적 행동이기도 하다. 

반이민정책은 글로벌 테러의 원인인 극단주의를 부추겨 ‘테러와의 전쟁’의 발목을 잡는 자충수가 될 수도 있다. 오죽하면 공화당 중진인 존 매케인, 린지 그레이엄 상원의원이 “이번 행정명령이 미국 안보를 개선하기보다 테러리스트 모집을 더욱 돕게 될 것”이라는 비난 성명까지 냈겠는가. 실제 2015년 1월 ‘샤를리 에브도’ 총기난사, 2015년 11월 파리 테러, 2016년 7월의 니스 테러 등 최근의 글로벌 테러는 프랑스·벨기에 등 유럽국가 국적자인 이민 2세들이 주도했다. 트럼프가 입국을 제재한 국가의 국민은 오히려 그 피해자로 볼 수 있다. 테러를 뿌리 뽑으려면 이들의 입국을 막을 게 아니라 따뜻한 손길을 내미는 게 더욱 필요하다. 미국이 전 세계에 전파해온 민주주의와 인권의 가치를 바탕으로 ‘소프트파워’를 적극 활용하는 것이 극단주의를 퇴치하는 지름길일 것이다. 

미국내에서 반발이 확산되는 현상도 더욱 주목된다. 캘리포니아·뉴욕 등 16개주 법무장관들은 공동성명을 통해 “비미국적이고 비헌법적”이라고 지적하고 나섰다. 향후 5년간 난민 1만 명을 고용하겠다는 하워드 슐츠 스타벅스 창업자, “난민에게 문을 여는 것이 우리의 정체성”이라고 한 마크 저커버그 페이스북 창업자 등에서 일말의 희망을 발견한다. 트럼프 행정부는 이들 목소리에 귀를 기울여 외국인과 이민자에 대한 근거 없는 증오와 편견을 멈춰야 한다. 

정부도 미국과 동맹이라는 이유로 우리 국민이 중동·이슬람 국가에서 괜한 오해와 피해를 입지 않도록 적극적인 대책을 마련해야 한다. 23만에 이르는 재미 한인 불법 체류자들의 체류 안정화와 외교갈등 최소화를 위해 미국 행정부와의 대화와 협력도 강화할 때다.

2017년 2월 6일 (월요일)

이번 뉴스는 국가간 대항 테니스 대회로 유명한 Davis Cup 대회에서 일어난 일에 대한 영국신문사 Telegraph의 기사입니다.
뉴스 해석을 위해 간단히 배경 설명을 해드립니다. Davis Cup 대회에서 영국과 캐나다 대표팀 간의 경기에서 발생한 일입니다. 만 17살의 Denis Shapovalov는 캐나다 국가대표팀으로 경기에 참여했고, 영국 대표팀의  Kyle Edmund과의 경기에서 게임이 잘 풀리지 않자 관중석쪽으로 테니스공을 라켓으로 아주 세게쳤는데, 이 공이 심판의 왼쪽 눈을 맞추는 불상사가 발생했습니다. 이에 국제 테니스 협회 (International Tennis Federation, ITF)는 Denis Shapovalov에게 일단 벌금형을 내렸으며, 추가적인 조치를 취할 예정이라고 합니다.
이번 기사는 학생들이 아는 단어도 좀 새롭게 사용된 것도 있으며, 선수 및 관계자들의 인터뷰 및 발표내용 중에서 괜찮은 표현들이 많이 보임으로 해서 이번 기사를 선택했습니다. 그리고 한국적 시각과 외국인들의 시각이 많이 다르다는 것도 느낄 수 있는 뉴스 기사입니다. 한글 해석은 없지만 사전을 찾아보면 어렵지 않게 해석이 되리라 생각합니다.

What happens next for Denis Shapovalov after Davis Cup disqualification for smashing ball into umpire's face?

Canada's rising star Denis Shapovalov entered the tennis hall of infamy on Sunday night when he smashed a ball away in frustration that accidentally struck umpire Arnaud Gabas in the eye. 

The 17-year-old Shapovalov, regarded as one of the most exciting young prospects in the sport and the reigning Junior Wimbledon champion, was instantly disqualified, meaning Canada lost the fifth and decisive rubber in the Davis Cup tie against Great Britain. 

So, what happens next for Shapovalov after the misdemeanour? 

The tie's referee Brian Earley is expected to issue Shapovalov with a fine of 12,000 US dollars (£9,600), which will be quite a blow for a teenager whose career earnings to date amount to only £54,000. 

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) could increase the fine and/or hand Shapovalov a ban, though the latter is highly unlikely given Shapovalov's instant apology and the accidental nature of what happened. In the immediate aftermath of the event, the ITF released the following statement:

"After dropping serve in the third game of the third set, Denis Shapovalov hit the ball very hard, unintentionally striking chair umpire Arnaud Gabas in the left eye, causing him to need medical attention.

"Referee Brian Earley, who witnessed the incident, declared an immediate default of Mr Shapovalov for unsportsmanlike conduct. It was clear that Mr Shapovalov did not intend to hit Mr Gabas.

"The player sought out Mr Gabas in the referee’s office where he was being attended and apologised. Mr Gabas has bruising and swelling of the left eye. He has gone to Ottawa General Hospital for precautionary evaluation."

Shapovalov issued an instant apology after the match, saying: "I feel incredibly ashamed and embarrassed and I just feel awful for letting my team down, for letting my country down, for acting in a way that I would never want to act.

"I can promise that's the last time I will do anything like that. I'm going to learn from this and try to move past it."

There is not a great deal of precedent for the ITF to draw on when deciding his punishment since defaults are very uncommon in tennis. 

The most recent example from an elite-level match was the 2012 Queen's final when David Nalbandian kicked the wooden box at line judge Andrew McDougall's feet, and accidentally drew blood as the box splintered into his McDougall's shins. Nalbandian was fined £8,000 but not given a ban. 

Tim Henman was defaulted from a Wimbledon doubles match in 1995 when he whacked a loose ball in frustration that accidentally hit a ballgirl, but he was also not suspended.

Jeff Tarango, John McEnroe and Nick Kyrgios are among those who have been banned from tennis, but in all three cases there was clearly malicious intent. 

Tarango memorably told the Wimbledon crowd to shut up in 1995, before storming off the court and accusing umpire Bruno Rebeuh of being corrupt after he had issued the American with a code violation. Tarango's wife Benedicte then slapped Rebeuh across the face. Tarango was banned from Wimbledon the following year.

McEnroe was banned from tennis for 21 days in 1984 when he exceeded the £6,000 limit for fines after demanding of umpire Dr. Leif Ake Nilsson at the Swedish Open, "Answer the question, jerk". 

Last year Kyrgios was fined £33,000 and banned for eight weeks - later reduced to three and compulsory visits to a sports pshychologist - for 'lack of best efforts' in a match against Mischa Zverev in Shanghai. Kyrgios asked the umpire to stop the match so he could "finish and go home" and engaged in a verbal disagreement with a spectator. 

Shapovalov's ranking of 251 means he primarily plies his trade on the Challenger Tour (the second tier of men's tennis) and should he avoid a ban he will be eligible to carry on as normal from next week. 

Though there was no disputing Shapovalov deserved to be defaulted, the teenager received sympathy for the incident. 

His Canada Davis Cup team-mate Vasek Pospisil tweeted: "No one is nicer or carries themselves better for a 17 y/o (year-old) than Shapovalov. Everyone can see that today was an accident. Can happen to anyone."

Former world No 1 Yevgeny Kafelnikov was equally understanding, and tweeted: "Don't be hard on the kid please! We all have done stupid things on the court in our cariers [sic]. He will learn and soon be one of the best."

Canada captain Martin Laurendeau said: "This is the biggest venue we've ever played in and, of all the cubic footage out there, the ball found its way into the umpire's eye. It definitely wasn't planned and it's unfortunate.

"Hopefully this makes Denis a stronger person, a better player but a better person, and he's already a great kid."

British Captain Leon Smith added: "It's a shame. I think we're all pretty surprised at what just happened.

"To finish like that, I feel sorry for Denis. He's learned a harsh lesson. The most important thing is the umpire's okay because that can be really, really dangerous."

The ITF will provide an update later this week on whether they will increase Shapovalov's fine or issue him with a suspension.